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Stake​holder Engagement

UNDP is committed to ensuring meaningful, eff​ective and informed participati​on of stakeholders in the formulation and implementation of UNDP Programmes and Projects. Stakeholder engagement is an ongoing process that may involve, to varying degrees, the following elements: stakeholder analysis and planning, disclosure and dissemin​ation of information, consultation and meaningful participation, dispute resolution and grievance redress, ongoing reporting to affected communities and stakeholders, and inclusion of stakeholders in monitoring and evaluation. Stakeholder analysis and engagement will be conducted in a gender-responsive, culturally sensitive, non-discriminatory and inclusive manner, ensuring that potentially affected vulnerable and marginalized groups are identified and provided opportunities to participate. (102) Measures will be undertaken to ensure that effective stakeholder engagement occurs where conditions for inclusive participation are unfavourable.​
Meaningful, effective and informed stakeholder engagement and participation will be undertaken that will seek to build and maintain over time a constructive relationship with stakeholders, with the purpose of avoiding or mitigating any potential risks in a timely manner. The scale and frequency of the engagement will reflect the nature of the activity, the magnitude of potential risks and adverse impacts, and concerns raised by affected communities.
Meaningful, effective and informed consultation processes in UNDP Programmes and Projects seek to identify priorities of stakeholders and will provide them with opportunities to express their views at all points in the Programme and/or Project decision-making process on matters that affect them and allows the Programme and/or Project teams to consider and respond to them. Topics the stakeholders will be able to express their views on will include, but are not limited to: Programme and/or Project goals and strategies; social and environmental risks and impacts; proposed mitigation measures; sharing of development benefits and opportunities; and implementation issues. Meaningful, effective and informed consultation processes will possess the following characteristics:
  • ​​Free of external manipulation, interference, coercion, and intimidation.
  • Gender and age-inclusive and responsive.
  • Culturally appropriate and tailored to the language preferences and decision-making processes of each identified stakeholder group, including disadvantaged or marginalized groups.
  • Based on prior and timely disclosure of accessible, understandable, relevant and adequate information, including draft documents and plans.
  • Initiated early in the Programme and/or Project design process, continued iteratively throughout the Programme and Project life cycle, and adjusted as risks and impacts arise.
  • Addresses social and environmental risks and adverse impacts, and the proposed measures and actions to address these.
  • Seeks to empower stakeholders, particularly marginalized groups, and enable the incorporation of all relevant views of affected people and other stakeholders into decision-making processes, such as Project goals and design, mitigation measures, the sharing of development benefits and opportunities, and implementation issues. 
  • Documented and reported in accessible form to participants, in particular the measures taken to avoid or minimize risks to and adverse impacts on the Project stakeholders.
  • Consistent with the States’ duties and obligations under international law.
Stakeholder engagement plans will be developed for all Programmes and Projects, scaled to reflect the nature of the activity and its potential impacts (e.g. from relatively simple measures for Programmes/or Projects with few if any social and environmental risks to comprehensive plans for High Risk activities with potentially significant adverse risks and impacts).
For Projects that may affect the rights and interests, lands, resources, territories and traditional livelihoods of indigenous peoples, free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) will be ensured (see also Standard 6: Indigenous Peoples).
UNDP will ensure that stakeholders who may be adversely affected by a UNDP Project can communicate their concerns about the social and environmental performance of the Project through various entry points, scaled appropriately to the nature of the activity and its potential risks and impacts. Potentially affected stakeholders will be informed about available entry points for submitting their concerns as part of the stakeholder engagement process.​
(102) Vulnerability may be compounded due to discrimination on prohibited grounds including race, ethnicity, gender, age, language, disability, sexual orientation, religion, political or other opinion, national or social or geographical origin, property, birth or other status including as an indigenous person or as a member of a minority.  


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