a) Examine potential exposure and sensitivity of relevant communities, ecosystems, and critical infrastructure to climate change impacts and hazards, both natural and human-made, including extreme weather events and natural hazard-triggered technological (or "Natech") accidents.6
b) Analyse physical, social, economic and environmental factors or processes which increase the susceptibility and vulnerability of relevant communities to potential climate change impacts and hazards—with a particular focus on marginalized and disadvantaged groups and individuals. Consider potential specific gender-, age- and social vulnerabilities and differentiated impacts.
c) Examine the viability or longer-term sustainability of project outcomes due to potential climate change impacts and disaster risks. This will involve the identification of components that are sensitive or vulnerable to emerging or anticipated manifestations of climate change.
d) Assess whether activities may increase exposure or exacerbate vulnerability of communities to climate change impacts or disasters (e.g. maladaptation) and avoid activities that may exacerbate such risks. Project components must be assessed for potential unintended or unforeseen increases in vulnerability to impacts of climate change and potential hazards.
e) Identify potential project-related increases in emissions that may exacerbate climate change, such as GHG emissions and black carbon emissions.7
f) Ensure that appropriate climate and disaster risk management plans are in place, including but not limited to emergency and response plans and ensure appropriate monitoring and, where necessary, adoption of corrective measures.
g) Integrate where relevant climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction considerations in planning (risk informing and "climate proofing") and seek to identify opportunities for strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerabilities, including where possible through ecosystem-based approaches.8 Seek synergies with existing or planned activities for generating climate change mitigation co-benefits (e.g. reduction in GHG emissions) where possible and exploiting potentially beneficial changes in climatic or environmental conditions to deliver developmental benefits.
h) Where relevant, integrate disaster risk reduction measures into the restoration of physical infrastructure and societal systems to "build back better" after a disaster to increase the resiliency of communities.